EU leaders meet without UK for first time in wake of Brexit
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Europe's leaders meet Wednesday without the UK for the first time following British voters' shock decision to leave the EU, trying to pick up the pieces and prevent further disintegration.
The 27 remaining members of the bloc agreed to give Britain some breathing space on Tuesday, accepting that it needs time to absorb the shock of the Brexit vote before triggering Article 50 that will begin the formal divorce proceedings.
But German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned British Prime Minister David Cameron could not "cherry-pick" the terms of the exit negotiations, reflecting wider concerns that Britain's departure could spark a domino effect of other states wanting to leave the EU.
Cameron flew back to London after Tuesday's summit, as Scotland's first minister headed in the opposite direction to test the waters in Brussels for her country joining the bloc as a separate entity.
Scotland overwhelmingly backed "Remain" in last Thursday's vote, and a combative Nicola Sturgeon has said she was "utterly determined to preserve Scotland's relationship and place within the EU".
That may require a second referendum on Scottish independence, with Sturgeon saying that the Britain Scotland voted on in 2014 "does not exist any more" following the Brexit vote.
Time for 'dust to settle'
Five days after Britons voted by a margin of 52 percent to leave the bloc, unleashing turmoil on global financial markets, EU President Donald Tusk said that he understood that time was needed "for the dust to settle" before the next steps can be taken.
But European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said Britain did not have "months to meditate" and set a clear timetable for triggering Article 50 – the EU treaty clause that begins the two-year withdrawal process – after Cameron's successor takes office in early September.
Top of the agenda on Wednesday will be how the remaining 27 members of the bloc can increase unity after the shock of the British vote.
Cameron urged the EU leaders to consider reforming the rules of freedom of movement, which was one of the driving issues behind the surprise success of the "Leave" campaign and a concern that is shared by eurosceptics in other countries.
But European powers are loath to give Britain an easy ride as it leaves the EU, partly because they do not want to send a signal to other countries that may eventually head in the same direction.
Britain in turmoil
In Brussels, Scotland's first minister will meet European Parliament President Martin Schulz and the heads of the parliament groups, but will not be sitting down with either Tusk or Juncker.
The prospect of a second referendum on Scottish independence throws the future of the United Kingdom into question, as the entire British political establishment is reeling from the shock Brexit vote.
Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the main opposition Labour party, vowed to fight on despite losing a crushing no-confidence vote among his party's lawmakers.
A leadership challenge is likely, as the ruling Conservatives also select a new leader after Cameron's resignation in the immediate aftermath of the Brexit vote.
The new Conservative leader, who would also take over at prime minister, is then expected to call a general election in order to firm up the party's mandate.
This comes as Sturgeon's Scottish National Party announced it would make a bid to take over as the official opposition party on the basis that Labour is not "prepared to assume office" as required by parliamentary practice.
Thousands of people took to the streets of London, which voted to stay in the EU by a 60 percent margin, to protest against the referendum result, waving EU flags and placards saying: "Stop Brexit" and chanting "Fromage (cheese), not Farage!".
Nigel Farage, head of the UK Independence Party and key figure in the "Leave" camp, told a jeering European Parliament on Tuesday that the joke was now on them.
"When I came here 17 years ago and I said I wanted to lead a campaign to get Britain to leave the EU, you all laughed at me," he said. "But you are not laughing now."
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)