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Middle East

Turkey-backed rebels push into Syrian IS group stronghold of al-Bab

© Saleh Abo Ghaloun, AFP | Turkey-backed-opposition fighters regroup as they advance on the outskirts of the northern Syrian city of al-Bab in a bid to enter the city and retake control of it from the Islamic State (IS) group on February 9, 2017.

Video by Adam PLETTS

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2017-02-12

Turkish troops and Syrian rebels on Saturday entered the strategic northern Syrian town of al-Bab, held by the Islamic State (IS) group, a local monitor said, as government forces also moved closer to the jihadist bastion.

Turkish state-run Anadolu news agency quoted military sources as saying one Turkish soldier was killed and another wounded in clashes with IS group militants in al-Bab.

Turkish forces and allied insurgents have for weeks pressed an operation codenamed Euphrates Shield to drive the jihadists from the flashpoint town, while also keeping Kurdish forces at bay.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Turkish forces and allied militias entered al-Bab from the west and then took full control of its western suburbs after fierce clashes with the jihadists.

The fighting coincided with "Turkish shelling and intensive air strikes" on al-Bab, the Britain-based monitor said.

It said at least six civilians were killed by Turkish artillery fire and air strikes.

Al-Bab is the jihadist group's last stronghold in the northern province of Aleppo and is also being targeted by regime forces.

While Turkish-led forces have been advancing from the north, east and west, Syrian government troops are attacking from the south.

On Monday, Syrian troops severed a road leading into the town from the south and by Friday they were just 1.5 kilometres (less then a mile) from the southern outskirts of al-Bab.

66 Turks killed in campaign

Turkey's Dogan news agency says 66 Turkish soldiers have been killed in the campaign since it started, mostly in IS group attacks.

And on Thursday, three Turkish soldiers were killed when a Russian air strike accidentally hit their position in a strike targeting IS group fighters in Al-Bab.

Moscow said the incident was an accident and is under investigation.

Despite backing opposite sides in Syria's conflict – Moscow is a government ally while Turkey supports the opposition – the two countries have worked closely in recent months.

They helped broker a nationwide ceasefire in place since December 30, and sponsored a round of peace talks last month in the Kazakh capital, Astana.

'Big question is what happens after IS group's defeat'

Al-Bab has been under IS group control since 2014, when the group seized large swathes of territory in Syria and neighbouring Iraq, proclaiming its self-described caliphate.

In recent months, the jihadists have been rolled back in large parts of northern Syria, both by the Turkish campaign but also a Kurdish-Arab alliance known as the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

The SDF fights with air support from the US-led coalition battling IS group forces in Syria and Iraq, but Turkey regards the Kurdish component of the SDF as "terrorists".

The alliance is pushing towards the IS group's de facto Syrian capital Raqqa in an operation dubbed "Wrath of the Euphrates".

The advance has progressed slowly, in part, SDF officials say, because the jihadists heavily mined territory around Raqqa.

The Observatory said Saturday that SDF fighters had now advanced to around eight kilometres from the eastern outskirts of Raqqa, though their forces are further from the north of the city.

Turkey has suggested that it could turn its sights to Raqqa after the al-Bab operation is complete, with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan discussing both Al-Bab and Raqqa in a call with US President Donald Trump this week.

New talks in Astana?

Syria's conflict has killed more than 310,000 people since it began with anti-government protests in March 2011.

Successive rounds of peace talks, including discussions organised by Russia and Turkey in Kazakhstan last month, have failed to advance a political solution to the conflict.

A new round of UN-sponsored talks is scheduled to take place in Geneva on February 20, but invitations have yet to be sent out.

On Saturday, Kazakhstan's foreign ministry said Syrian government officials and rebels were being invited to new talks next week in the capital Astana.

"It is planned to hold the latest high-level meeting within the Astana process on resolving the situation in Syria on February 15 and 16," the ministry said in a statement.

It added that UN peace envoy Staffan de Mistura and US observers would also be invited to the talks.

Hopes for diplomatic success hinge on the intentions of the three powers closest to the conflict – Turkey, Russia and Iran.

And nowhere will their intentions crystallize more clearly than in al-Bab, where each side has a stake – Turkey fighting alongside the Syrian rebels, and Russia and Iran backing the Syrian government and its Shiite allies.

The outcome in al-Bab – whether it is ultimately taken by the government or the rebels, and whether fighting between the two resumes – is likely to set the direction of future talks.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

Date created : 2017-02-11


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