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Hamas names top militant as new leader in Gaza

Said Khatib, AFP | File photo of former Hamas leader Ismail Haniya (L) and new chief Yahya Sinwar in Khan Yunis, Gaza in October 2011.
4 min

Hamas has named a top militant commander as its new leader in the Gaza Strip, an official media outlet confirmed Monday, placing one of the Islamic militant group’s most hard-line figures in charge of operations in its core power base.


The appointment of Yehiya Sinwar, who was freed by Israel in a 2011 prisoner swap, solidifies the takeover of Gaza operations by the armed wing of the group. The military wing, which controls thousands of fighters and a vast arsenal of rockets, has battled Israel in three wars since Hamas seized Gaza a decade ago.

Sinwar’s selection was reported by Hamas’ al-Resala news site. A Hamas official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was discussing the group’s secretive election process, also confirmed the appointment.

Sinwar replaces Ismail Haniyeh, who served as the prime minister of Hamas’ government following the 2007 takeover of Gaza. Haniyeh is now expected to take over as Hamas’ supreme leader, replacing Khaled Mashaal, who lives in exile.

Khalil al-Haya, another political hard-liner, was elected as Sinwar’s deputy.

Hamas started its elections late last year, and the entire process is expected to be completed within the next two months, when a new political bureau is to be announced.

Sinwar, who is in his mid-50s, comes from the southern Gaza town of Khan Younis and is a founder of Hamas’ military wing. Hamas is sworn to Israel’s destruction and has killed hundreds of Israelis in suicide bombings, shootings and other attacks.

Sinwar was sentenced to four life terms by Israel in 1988 for a series of offenses, including his role as mastermind of the abduction and killing of two Israeli soldiers. During his final years in prison, he was the leader of the hundreds of Hamas prisoners held by Israel.

In 2011, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu agreed to release Sinwar, along with about 1,000 other prisoners, in exchange for Gilad Schalit, an Israeli soldier who had been captured by Hamas five years earlier in a cross-border raid.

At the time, Netanyahu was harshly criticized for releasing dozens of prisoners held for involvement in deadly attacks as part of the deal. Israel says Sinwar’s brother, Mohammed, was among the masterminds of the soldier’s capture and negotiated the prisoner swap.

Sinwar, who rejects any reconciliation with Israel, has quickly restored his power in the movement since his return to Gaza. He is widely believed to be behind last year’s unprecedented killing of another top Hamas commander in an internal power struggle.

Israel captured the Gaza Strip, along with the West Bank and east Jerusalem, in the 1967 Mideast war.

In 2005, Israel decided that its occupation of Gaza, an impoverished, densely populated territory that also borders Egypt, was unsustainable, and it withdrew all of its troops and settlers.

Two years later, Hamas seized control of the territory after a series of battles with the rival Fatah movement, leaving the Palestinians divided between two governments. Israel and Egypt have maintained a blockade on Gaza since then, and Israel has waged three wars against Hamas, campaigns it says were meant to halt incessant rocket fire on its southern towns.

After a decade of blockade and conflict, Gaza is mired in poverty and widespread destruction. International organizations estimate the unemployment rate at over 40 percent, and the movement of people and goods in and out of the war-battered territory remains restricted.

Israel says the restrictions are needed to keep Hamas from smuggling arms into the territory. Egypt also has poor ties with Hamas, which shares the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood espoused by former Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted by the military in 2013.

Kobi Michael, a former head of the Palestinian Desk at Israel’s Ministry for Strategic Affairs, said Sinwar represents “one of the most radical and extreme lines of Hamas.”

He described Sinwar as a “bitter enemy” of Egypt who is focused on building Hamas’ military capabilities.

“The idea that he was elected is a very dangerous and concerning indication of the destabilization of the region,” Michael said.


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