The 2017 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to the American trio of Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young for their discoveries of the molecular mechanisms controlling our biological clocks.
"Their discoveries explain how plants, animals and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth's revolutions," the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Karolinska Institute said in a statement on Monday in awarding the prize of 9 million Swedish crowns ($1.1 million) to the three scientists.
Known as circadian rhythms, biological clocks adapt one's physiology to different phases of the day, influencing sleep, behavior, hormone levels, body temperature and metabolism.
Hall, 72, Rosbash, 73, and Young, 68, "were able to peek inside our biological clock and elucidate its inner workings," the Nobel jury said.
The three scientists identified genes that regulate the clock, and the mechanism by which light can synchronise it, the jury added.
Robash is on the faculty at Brandeis University, Young at Rockefeller University and Hall is at the University of Maine.
The prize for physiology or medicine is the first Nobel Prize awarded each year in accordance with the will of dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.
Nobel awards week continues on Tuesday with the announcement of the winners of the Nobel Prize for physics.
(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS, AP)
Date created : 2017-10-02