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6,700 Rohingya killed in first month of Myanmar violence

In this photograph taken on November 12, 2017, women hold children at a makeshift camp in Rakhine state in Myanmar, where hundreds of Rohingya Muslims wait in makeshift camps before finding a way to cross over into Bangladesh. Torched villages and unharvested paddy fields stretch to the horizon in Myanmar's violence-gutted Rakhine state, where a dwindling number of Muslim Rohingya remain trapped in limbo after a violent military crackdown coursed through the region.
In this photograph taken on November 12, 2017, women hold children at a makeshift camp in Rakhine state in Myanmar, where hundreds of Rohingya Muslims wait in makeshift camps before finding a way to cross over into Bangladesh. Torched villages and unharvested paddy fields stretch to the horizon in Myanmar's violence-gutted Rakhine state, where a dwindling number of Muslim Rohingya remain trapped in limbo after a violent military crackdown coursed through the region. Phyo Hein Kyaw, AFP

At least 6,700 Rohingya Muslims were killed in the first month of a Myanmar army crackdown on rebels in Rakhine state that began in late August, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said on Thursday.

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The figure is the highest estimated death toll yet of violence that erupted on August 25 and triggered a massive refugee crisis, with more than 620,000 Rohingya fleeing Myanmar for Bangladesh in three months.

The UN and US have described the military operation as ethnic cleansing of the Muslim minority, but have not released specific estimations of a death toll.

"At least 6,700 Rohingya, in the most conservative estimations, are estimated to have been killed, including at least 730 children below the age of five years," the MSF said Thursday.

The group's findings come from six surveys of more than 2,434 households in Rohingya refugee camps and cover a period of one month.

"We met and spoke with survivors of violence in Myanmar, who are now sheltering in overcrowded and unsanitary camps in Bangladesh," said the group's medical director Sidney Wong.

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"What we uncovered was staggering, both in terms of the numbers of people who reported a family member died as a result of violence, and the horrific ways in which they said they were killed or severely injured."

Gunshot wounds were the cause of death in 69 percent of the cases, according to the survey.

Another nine percent were reported burned alive inside houses, while five percent died from fatal beatings.

For children under five, nearly 60 percent died after being shot, the survey found.

Myanmar's army has denied any abuses and says only 400 people -- including 376 Rohingya "terrorists" -- died in the first few weeks of the crackdown.

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But MSF said the peak in deaths coincided with the launch of "clearance operations" by the army and local militias in late August, and were evidence "that Rohingya have been targeted".

Bangladesh and Myanmar reach deal for Rohingya repatriation

On November 23, Bangladesh and Myanmar signed an agreement paving the way for the repatriation of the Rohingya Muslims who have fled the violence. However, in light of the survey results, MSF is not confident that the Rohingya will be safe in Myanmar. "Any repatriation must be voluntary," warned medical director Clair Mills. She also called for unhindered access for aid organisations and international watchdogs.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

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