Sergeant Stubby: The dog that fought to liberate France in WWI
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Sergeant Stubby took part in 17 battles, saved his regiment from mustard gas attacks and caught a German spy during World War I. By any standards, Stubby is a hero. But what makes his story all the more extraordinary, is that he was a dog.
Stubby won numerous medals for his bravery, and the heroics of this stray pit-bull have become so famous that his life-story has now been made into an animated Hollywood movie, "Sgt. Stubby: An American Hero".
Stubby became the official mascot of the USA’s 102nd Infantry Regiment after Private J. Robert Conroy found him in July 1917 at Yale University campus where troops were training before being deployed to France. Conroy found he could not part with his four-legged friend and smuggled Stubby in his cloak on the ship bound for Saint-Nazaire in France.
But Stubby was discovered by Conroy's commanding officer. Stubby promptly charmed the officer by saluting him, as Conroy had trained him to, and the little dog was allowed to stay.
Now in France, the dog faithfully followed his regiment: "There were many cases of animal mascots in the Anglo-Saxon armies, officials generally turned a blind eye,” historian Eric Baratay, author of the book "Beasts in the trenches", told FRANCE 24.
Baptism of fire
The heroic dog entered combat on February 5, 1918, at Chemin des Dames, where he endured shelling day and night for over a month.
On April 20, 1918, the German army launched an offensive in Seicheprey, a village in Meurthe-et-Moselle. Faced with the onslaught, the 102nd Infantry Regiment had a baptism of fire. The fighting was terrible, with more than 650 killed and 100 taken prisoner. Stubby was badly wounded in the foreleg and chest by Germans throwing hand grenades.
Luckily, Stubby recovered and boosted the morale of the wounded. As soon as he was back on four paws, Stubby rapidly returned to the front.
Saved hundreds of lives
The unit’s mascot even captured a German soldier who was trying to spot their position. “As the German ran, Stubby bit him on the legs, causing the soldier to trip and fall. He continued to attack the man until the United States soldiers arrived. For capturing an enemy spy, Stubby was put in for a promotion to the rank of Sergeant by the commander of the 102nd Infantry. He became the first dog to be given a rank in the United States Armed Forces," the Smithsonian, the American history museum in Washington, states on its website.
Sgt. Stubby, the most decorated war dog of WWI, fought in 17 battles on the Western Front. pic.twitter.com/vQeaRRBnySLost In History (@HistoryToLearn) April 11, 2018
Stubby also proved his worth to his unit on a daily basis by using his sense of smell to warn his unit of mustard gas attacks, finding wounded soldiers in no man's land, and since he could hear the whine of incoming artillery shells before humans warning his unit to duck for cover.
On his return to the USA in 1919 after the war, Stubby was a celebrity. He led the American troops in numerous parades, visited the White House and met three presidents -- Woodrow Wilson, Harding and Coolidge. He went on to feature in numerous magazine articles and photos.
French newspaper La Presse reported in an article from August 1921, "He's probably the most decorated dog in the world, wearing an embroidered overcoat with allied colors, which is pinned with its many decorations, Stubby … must be very proud because dogs have their self-esteem."
After an adventurous life, the famed mascot died in the arms of his master and comrade Conroyin 1926. To underscore his fame, the dog-soldier even received the honour of a half-page obituary in the New York Times, longer than many notable people of the time.
"Stubby is dead, he was just a dog and he did not have a pedigree, but he was the most famous mascot in the US Army … and he was definitely a fighting dog," the newspaper said.