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Middle East matters

Water: an issue of national security and foreign policy

By: Jeanne LAVENANT | Sanam SHANTYAEI Follow | Camille FEVRIER | Stéphanie CHEVAL
1 min

This week, we shine the spotlight on the water crisis in the region. The shortages are a result of many factors, including rising temperatures, damaged infrastructure and even mismanagement. To help us take a deeper look at the issue, we are joined by Mark Zeitoun, Professor of Water Security and Policy at the University of East Anglia.


Farmers in southern Iraq are fighting a losing battle against severe water deficits. Local authorities estimate that some 30 percent of cattle has been lost, affecting nearly half a million farming families.

And Ethiopia is building Africa's largest dam, which it deems crucial to its energy security and economic growth. But the project is also creating tensions with the country’s Nile neighbours, particularly Egypt, which could suffer from water scarcities as a result.

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