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London's National Gallery can keep disputed Matisse, US court rules

Portrait of Greta Moll, 1908. Photo courtesy of the National Gallery, London.

A US court ruled Monday that grandchildren of Henri Matisse's muse cannot reclaim a painting from the National Gallery in London they said was stolen during World War Two, ruling instead that the museum can keep “Portrait of Greta Moll”.


The National Gallery in London persuaded a US appeals court that three grandchildren of a muse for French artist Henri Matisse should not reclaim a 1908 painting they said was stolen.

In a 3-0 decision on Monday, the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said sovereign immunity shielded the museum and Britain from having to return “Portrait of Greta Moll” to the grandchildren, Oliver Williams and Margarete Green from Britain and Iris Filmer from Germany.

The case is one of many seeking to recover art stolen or misappropriated in connection with World War Two.

Margarete Moll, known as Greta, became the painting’s owner after her husband Oskar died in 1947.

She then entrusted it with one of her husband’s former art students for safekeeping from looters in Switzerland.

But Moll’s heirs said the student stole the painting, which then changed hands several times, including through a Manhattan gallery, before the National Gallery bought it in 1979.

They sued after the Spoliation Advisory Panel, a British government body reviewing Holocaust-era claims, said it lacked jurisdiction because the Nazi era ended in 1945, two years before the alleged theft.

>> France returns paintings looted by Nazis during WWII

But the US appeals court said the heirs also failed to allege that the painting was “taken,” and therefore could not reclaim it under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act.

“The alleged taking of the painting was committed by a private actor,” the court said. “The National Gallery’s refusal to compensate for that taking after the fact does not provide a basis for jurisdiction over a foreign sovereign and its instrumentality.”

David Rowland, a lawyer at Rowland & Petroff representing Greta Moll’s heirs, said his clients have been “denied their day in court,” despite remaining the painting’s “rightful owners.”

Sarah André, a lawyer for the National Gallery, was pleased with the decision, according to a statement from her law firm Nixon Peabody.

Monday’s decision upheld a September 2017 dismissal of the case by US District Judge Valerie Caproni in Manhattan.

Greta Moll had sat for 10 three-hour sessions for her painting, which Matisse reworked after seeing a work in Paris by the Italian Renaissance artist Paolo Veronese.

The case is Williams et al v. National Gallery, London et al, 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals, No. 17-3253.


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