Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded for protein research
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US scientists Frances Arnold and George Smith and British researcher Gregory Winter won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday for their work on the use of enzymes in chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
"This year's Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have been inspired by the power of evolution and used the same principles -- genetic change and selection -- to develop proteins that solve mankind's chemical problems," the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement.
Half of the 9-million-kronor ($1.01 million) prize was designated for Frances Arnold of Caltech in Pasadena for work that has led to the development of new biofuels and pharmaceuticals.
The other half of the prize will be shared by George Smith of the University of Missouri and Gregory Winter of the MRC Laboratory in Cambridge. They were honored for "phage display of peptides and antibodies."
Chemistry is the third of this year's Nobels and comes after the prizes for medicine and physics were awarded earlier this week.
(FRANCE 24 with AP and REUTERS)