Voyeurism victim eyes win in battle to change English law
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When a man took a picture under her skirt with impunity, it was the final straw for Gina Martin -- a 27-year-old whose campaign is leading to a change in British law.
Her experience has put Martin on the frontline in a fight to make the practice of so-called "upskirting" illegal, one that has seen her face lawmaker resistance and even online rape threats.
Martin, from Liverpool in northwest England, was attending a music festival in London's Hyde Park when a man rubbed against her while his friend lurked nearby.
"Five minutes later, I saw that his friend... was watching a picture taken very close to a woman's crotch," she told AFP. "I knew it was me immediately."
Martin grabbed the phone and showed the image to police officers.
To her surprise, they seemed unsure what to do and, after asking the man to delete the photo, took no further action.
In a phone call several days later, an officer told her the case was closed.
"They said 'we can't really help you'," she recalled. "And then I got really angry about it."
"Growing up as a young girl who lives in a city... you have really scary situations constantly and it was the last straw."
- 'We've nearly done it' -
Martin was outraged to learn that taking such pictures -- "upskirting" -- is currently not a crime in England and Wales, unlike in Scotland.
The daughter of "progressive, passionate" parents who had raised her to be a feminist, she decided to campaign to make it illegal, collecting more than 100,000 signatures of support in an online petition.
An offence of "upskirting" has since been included in draft legislation criminalising voyeurism which is being debated in the British parliament on Tuesday and is due to be passed within weeks.
"It's surreal in a way because I can't believe that we've nearly done it," said Martin, who works in advertising and is far removed from political or activist circles.
However, it has taken time for her voice to be heard.
Initially Martin's demands attracted hate messages and intimidating threats online, which led her to change her name on Facebook.
"I got rape threats for a year," she said. "The main narrative (was) it's my own fault for wearing a skirt."
Martin said after enduring a "really bad" period when she could barely sleep, she began to make progress with the support of her lawyer, boyfriend and family.
She gathered testimonies from other victims of "upskirting", including young girls who recounted incidents in schools, at bus stops, and on public transport.
- #MeToo boost -
In June, the activist suffered a setback when the proposed law over "upskirting" was blocked in parliament by Conservative MP Christopher Chope.
Following an uproar, Prime Minister Theresa May's government has since decided to spearhead the legislation, leading to cross-party support.
It now stipulates a fine or even a prison sentence for those found guilty.
Martin believes her campaign was boosted by the emergence of the #MeToo movement late last year.
"It became suddenly a little easier," she said of trying to get people in power to pay attention to the issue.
"They definitely knew that they had to listen because that international conversation was happening and they couldn't go away from it anymore -- they couldn't sweep it under the carpet."
Tired and impatient to see the legislation finally enacted, Martin said it will bring "massive closure" to her.
"I am really ready to be able to tell these girls who message me, and tell everyone, that they can now use it and that it will actually change their lives."
© 2018 AFP