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US judge suspends Trump order denying asylum to illegal migrants

Kim Kyung-Hoon, Reuters | A migrant looks through the border fence between Mexico and United States on November 19, 2018.

A federal judge on Monday put a temporary halt to a Trump administration order denying the possibility of asylum to people who enter the US illegally.

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President Donald Trump issued a proclamation earlier this month that said anyone who crossed the southern US border between official ports of entry would be ineligible for asylum. As a caravan of thousands of Central American migrants made its way through Mexico toward the US border, Trump declared a ban was necessary to contain what he called a national security threat.

But US District Judge Jon Tigar in San Francisco issued a temporary restraining order against the Trump proclamation, thus granting a request from human rights groups who had sued shortly after the order was announced.

Under the proclamation, Trump said only people who enter the US at official checkpoints   as opposed to sneaking across the border   can apply for asylum.

Judge Tigar wrote that the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1965 states that any foreigner who arrives in the US, “whether or not at a designated port of arrival”, may apply for asylum.

“The rule barring asylum for immigrants who enter the country outside a port of entry irreconcilably conflicts with the INA and the expressed intent of Congress,” Tigar wrote.

“Whatever the scope of the President’s authority, he may not rewrite the immigration laws to impose a condition that Congress has expressly forbidden,” Tigar added.

Tigar’s order takes effect immediately, applies nationwide, and lasts until at least December 19, when the judge scheduled a hearing to consider a more long-lasting injunction.

Tigar was nominated to the court by President Barack Obama.

The Trump administration has argued that he has the executive power to curb immigration in the name of national security   a power he invoked right after taking office last year with a controversial ban on travellers from several mostly Muslim countries.

The final version of the order was upheld by the US Supreme Court on June 26 after a protracted legal battle.

‘Unparalleled abuse’

When the new policy was announced by the Department of Homeland Security on November 8, a senior administration official said it would address what he called the “historically unparalleled abuse of our immigration system” along the border with Mexico.

Administration officials say anyone who manages to get across the border can request asylum and subsequently often vanish while their case sits in the court system.

“The vast majority of these applications eventually turn out to be non-meritorious,” a senior administration official said, asking not to be identified.

Less than 10 percent of cases result in asylum being granted, the government says.

Human rights campaigners and other critics of the Trump crackdown say that by restricting asylum seekers to border crossing points   which are already under enormous pressure   the government is effectively shutting the door on people who may truly be fleeing for their lives.

“The government cannot abdicate its responsibility towards migrants fleeing harm,” the New York Immigration Coalition advocacy group said.

But the administration official argued that “what we’re attempting to do is trying to funnel credible fear claims, or asylum claims, through the ports of entry where we are better resourced.”

That way, he said, courts will “handle those claims in an expeditious and efficient manner, so that those who do actually require an asylum protection get those protections.”

In 2018, border patrols registered more than 400,000 illegal border crossers, according to the Department of Homeland Security. And in the last five years, the number of those requesting asylum has increased by 2,000 percent, it said.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP and REUTERS)

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