Outgoing Comoros leader Azali looks set to win new term
Moroni (Comoros) (AFP)
Polls opened Sunday in the tiny archipelago of Comoros, with President Azali Assoumani widely expected to win a new term in an election that rivals say has been hijacked.
Some 300,000 voters are expected to turn out, with polling stations opening at 8:00 am (0500 GMT).
"We need real change in this country, not empty words. We need peace, security and progress," said Mohamed Chaine, 38, one of the first to vote in the capital, Moroni.
"I hope my choice will be respected," said Allaoui Elarif, 70. "I don't expect any trouble, demonstrations here. It is afterwards, at the election commission where I am afraid they will cheat."
Huge campaign pictures of Azali, 60, emblazon the whitewashed walls of the capital Moroni and along roads on the three islands of Grande Comore, Anjouan and Moheli.
Those of his rivals are minute -- a comparison that seems to speak eloquently for their chances.
The Supreme Court has barred the bid of some of Azali's major rivals, including former president Ahmed Abdallah Sambi, accused of corruption.
In a pre-election visit to Anjouan, Azali oozed confidence and burst out laughing when asked about defeat.
"That's a question I won't answer. When you set out to do something, you do it to win!"
The mainly-Muslim Indian Ocean archipelago of some 800,000 people is one of the world's poorest and most coup-prone states.
It has suffered more than 20 successful or attempted power grabs since gaining independence from France in 1975. Its first leader, Ahmed Abdallah, lasted barely a month before being ousted.
- 'Great masquerade' -
Azali is staging the poll after Comorans voted in a referendum to support the extension of presidential mandates from one five-year term to two, rotating among the three islands.
The controversial change shocked a fragile balance of power established in 2001 that sought to end separatist crises on Anjouan and Moheli and halt the endless cycle of coups.
The opposition fears that Azali, a native of Grande Comore and last elected in 2016, could hold power for 10 more years until 2029.
The referendum last July led to violent protests on Anjouan, which would have taken over the presidency in 2021.
The head of the Union of the Opposition group, former deputy president Mohamed Ali Soilihi, is one of the candidates who has been barred from running.
"This election is a great masquerade. The plot has been written out in advance. On the evening of March 24, there'll be an announcement of victory (for Azali) in the first round," Soilihi predicted. "It'll be forced through."
"Everyone is against him," said the leader of the Juwa Party, lawyer Mahamoudou Ahamada. "If the vote were transparent, he couldn't win. Azali has no choice but to steal the election."
- 'Rockslide plot'
Azali, a former army chief of staff, first seized power in a coup in April 1999.
He toppled an interim president he saw as weak in handling secessionist forces and then was elected in 2002.
Earlier this month, according to his staff, Azali survived an attempt on his life on Anjouan.
"People at the top of a mountain placed explosives, which they blew up to cause a rockslide" as his convoy passed, his campaign director, Houmed Msaidie, told AFP on March 7. "The president's car stopped in time."
Wires connected to dynamite were found at the scene, Msaidie said. Photos sent to AFP by a police official showed tree branches and rocks partially covering a road.
Critics dismiss this account as bogus.
Juwa campaign director Ibrahim Mohamed Soule said Azali's team "creates fake attacks or fake incidents to deter people from participating in the elections freely".
In March 2008, Comoran troops backed by an African Union military force invaded Anjouan to put an end to the authoritarian rule of island leader Mohamed Bacar.
The one-time police chief was accused of atrocities including killings, torture and rape, as well as embezzlement, but he escaped.
The Comoros has tried repeatedly to lay claim at the UN General Assembly to the fourth and wealthiest island in their archipelago, Mayotte, whose inhabitants chose in a 1974 referendum to remain a French territory.
The gap in development has drawn many Comoran "boat people" to Mayotte in search of a better life.
? 2019 AFP