North Korean defector wins in Gangnam, South Korea's ritziest seat

Thae Yong Ho, North Korea's highest-ranking defector, celebrates after winning a majority of votes in his Gangnam constituency on April 16, 2020.
Thae Yong Ho, North Korea's highest-ranking defector, celebrates after winning a majority of votes in his Gangnam constituency on April 16, 2020. © Ed Jones, AFP

A former North Korean diplomat has won a parliamentary seat in South Korea's swankiest district Gangnam, four years after fleeing a London embassy and becoming Pyongyang's highest-ranking official to defect to the South.


Thae Yong Ho was Pyongyang's deputy ambassador to the United Kingdom where he had managed secret funds for leader Kim Jong-un until he fled to the democratic, wealthy South with his family in 2016.

Thae, 55, won one of three constituencies in Seoul's glittering Gangnam district for the main opposition conservative party in Wednesday's parliamentary elections, beating a former four-term ruling party lawmaker by nearly a 20% margin.

"I was dearly afraid if the Gangnam residents would take a guy from the North," a smiling Thae said in an acceptance speech shared on his YouTube channel, as crowds of voters gathered in his campaign office, chanting his name and cheering.

"But so many people here gave me strength — they held my hand, welcomed me to Gangnam and promised to vote for me," he said in a hoarse voice after weeks-long rallies.

Gangnam, a wealthy, conservative district known for its boutiques, high-end bars and luxury homes, shot to international renown through musician Psy's 2012 K-pop hit "Gangnam Style".

Thae, who had worked in South Korea as a foreign policy expert before launching a bid for parliament in February, is the first North Korean refugee to become a lawmaker representing a constituency in South Korea. Cho Myung-chul, a former North Korean professor, served in parliament from 2012-16 on a party endorsement but without any constituency.

Wednesday's parliamentary elections saw a record turnout of 66.2%, despite voting taking place in the middle of a virus outbreak. The party of President Moon Jae-in — the Democratic Party — won a resounding victory on the back of its successful handling of the epidemic.

The election also drew unprecedented levels of participation from North Korean defectors challenging what they saw as the president's flawed cross-border policy.

Defector groups have complained that Moon's administration cut funding, ignored human rights and suppressed anti-Pyongyang activism in favour of pursuing reconciliation with the Kim regime.

Ji Seong-ho, a defector invited to Washington in 2018 to attend US President Donald Trump's State of the Union address, was also elected to the parliament as a proportionate representative.

'No roots in the South'

But Thae's political foray was far from easy, facing a backlash from some citizens and even his party's campaign chief, Kim Chong-in, who said Thae was not suitable to represent the district because he had "no roots in the South".

Kim later apologised and endorsed Thae.

"His landslide victory means the people of Gangnam didn't really care that he's a defector. They seem to believe that he's more loyal to the South, not the North," said Lim Seong-ho, a professor of political science at Kyung Hee University in Seoul.

Critics also raised questions about Thae's rapidly accrued wealth when he listed more than 1.8 billion won ($1.5 million) in assets.

Thae has said he made the money giving lectures and writing books and papers, and paid more than 100 million won ($81,000) in taxes every year.

His two memoirs were big hits. The first of them, in which he described how Pyongyang covertly amassed foreign currency via diplomatic missions as well as the duplicity of its denuclearisation commitment, sold more than 200,000 copies in South Korea and was published in several languages.

North Korea's state media has criticised Thae's defection, calling him a "human scum" and criminal who had embezzled state funds and sexually assaulted a minor.

Thae has flatly denied those claims and vowed to continue his political activities even after police stepped up security due to safety concerns.

"I had risked my life to come to the Republic of Korea seeking free democracy and values in market economy," Thae said.

"I will solve regional issues with the market principles," he added, vowing to push for a "North Korea policy that better reflects the reality there and matches the pride of the South Korean citizens."


Daily newsletterReceive essential international news every morning

Take international news everywhere with you! Download the France 24 app