British politicians condemn toppling of Bristol slave-trader statue
British politicians on Monday condemned the destruction of a statue dedicated to a leading slave trader during an anti-racism protest, but a leading heritage body said there was no need to reinstate it.
Demonstrators pulled down the 18-foot (5.5-metre) bronze monument to Edward Colston in the southwest English city of Bristol and threw it into the harbour on Sunday.
The protest was one of many across Britain in recent days in response to the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, at the hands of police in the United States.
Most marches were peaceful but there were flashes of violence, including in London, where the statue of World War II leader Winston Churchill in Parliament Square was defaced.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson condemned the clashes as "a betrayal of the cause they purport to serve".
Home Secretary Priti Patel said the toppling of the Bristol statue was "utterly disgraceful" and one of her ministers, Kit Malthouse, said criminal damage charges should be brought.
These demonstrations have been subverted by thuggery.— Priti Patel (@pritipatel) June 8, 2020
Justice will follow. pic.twitter.com/CL3gfOthkg
Keir Starmer, the leader of the main opposition Labour party, said it was "completely wrong" to pull down the statue in that way.
But he said that in view of Colston's role as a top official in the Royal African Company in the late 17th century, it should have been removed "a long time ago" and put in a museum.
Edward Colston was responsible for 100,000 people being moved from Africa to the Caribbean as slaves. 20,000 died en route.— Keir Starmer (@Keir_Starmer) June 8, 2020
The statue shouldn't have been taken down in the way it was. But it should have been removed from our streets a long time ago. pic.twitter.com/1vkhE0khan
"This was a man who was responsible for 100,000 people being moved from Africa to the Caribbean as slaves, including women and children who were branded on their chests with the name of the company he ran," he told LBC radio.
Formula 1 icon Lewis Hamilton threw his weight behind the protesters, writing on Instagram: "TEAR THEM ALL DOWN. Everywhere."
"Edward Colston was a monster who bought, sold and traded Africans, human beings, and forced them into slavery until they died.
"I'm proud of the activists and organisers in Bristol," he added.
View this post on Instagram
I DO NOT CONDONE VIOLENCE OR CRIMINAL ACTS BUT YOU HAVE HAD PLENTY OF TIME TO DO THIS YOURSELVES AND HAVEN’T. POWER TO THE PEOPLE✊🏾. #Repost @shaunking ・・・ Edward Colston was a monster who bought, sold, and traded Africans, human beings, and forced them into slavery until they died. Nobody who did this should be honored. It was/is terrorism. Now. Then. He never should’ve had a statue. I’m proud of the activists and organizers in Bristol, in the United Kingdom, who tore this down. TEAR THEM ALL DOWN. Everywhere. I support this
Manchester City and England footballer Raheem Sterling, who has often spoken out against discrimination, said: "The only disease right now is the racism that we are fighting."
Colston, who came from a wealthy merchant family, was also a member of parliament and philanthropist, donating huge funds to support schools, hospitals, almshouses and churches.
I don't ever condone criminal acts. I have seen too many burnt buildings, burnt cars, people who have lost everything, in riots.— David Lammy (@DavidLammy) June 8, 2020
But it is shameful to treat a slave trader like Edward Colston as an icon.
The statue should have come down a long time ago in a democratic way. #GMB pic.twitter.com/8qLVyh4kqZ
Symbol of pain
Marvin Rees, Bristol's elected Labour mayor, said he believed the statue would end up in a museum, alongside banners from Sunday's Black Lives Matter protest.
Rees, who is of Jamaican heritage, said he "cannot condone the damage" but described the destruction of the statue as an "iconic moment".
"I cannot pretend it was anything other than a personal affront to me to have it in the middle of Bristol, the city in which I grew up," he told BBC radio.
My statement on today's #BlackLivesMatter protest in #Bristol and the removal of the #Colston statue 👇🏽 https://t.co/yH8iOXrwxP— Marvin Rees (@MarvinJRees) June 7, 2020
Historic England, a government heritage body, said the local community must now decide what to do with the statue but "we do not believe it must be reinstated."
"We recognise that the statue was a symbol of injustice and a source of great pain for many people," it added.
Authorities had agreed to rename his statue, which was erected in 1895, to highlight his role in slavery but the process became deadlocked because of conflicting views.
'Who we are'
Institutions and local authorities across Britain have in recent years been re-examining their public monuments in the face of demands to better represent the country's colonial past.
Oxford University saw an angry but unsuccessful campaign to remove a statue of 19th-century British imperialist Cecil Rhodes, and debate over its future still rages.
Students at Jesus College, Cambridge, successfully fought for the return of a bronze cockerel looted by British colonial forces in the 19th century to Nigeria.
"No debate about the way we run our public spaces should ever be finished," Mayor Rees said.
"We should be constantly wrestling with who we are and where we've come from."
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