Families seek justice for Sudan's slain anti-Bashir plotters
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After decades of searching for their loved ones' remains, the families of slain Sudanese officers who attempted a coup against strongman Omar al-Bashir are demanding the killers held accountable.
Since the 1990 attempt, they have endured intimidation, arrests and beatings -- but Bashir's ouster in April 2019 spurred hopes that they could finally receive justice.
Last week, investigators looking into crimes during the strongman's 30-year rule found the bodies of the 28 officers dumped in a mass grave in the city of Omdurman.
The coup attempt came just months after Islamist-backed Bashir overthrew the democratically elected government of Sadiq al-Mahdi in 1989.
The attempt to oust him was thwarted and the officers were immediately executed.
"We have been searching for their graves for 30 years. It was a heinous crime. There was no trial, no investigation and they were executed only 24 hours after their arrest," said Awatef Mirghani, the sister of one of the officers, Esmat.
"They were all dumped in a single grave, still wearing their uniforms. It was a violation of human dignity," she said, choking back tears.
- 'Extrajudicial killing' -
In her Khartoum house, Fathiya Kembal keeps at a framed photo of her husband, Bashir Abudeik, in uniform and flashing a broad smile.
The photo, taken as he attended training in the United States, bears a black band on one side as a sign of mourning.
It was April 22, 1990 when the couple and their children gathered at a friend's house for iftar, an evening meal to break the day-long fast during the holy Islamic month of Ramadan.
Abudeik later drove his family to her father's house, where "he said he would be busy for two days."
The following morning, she woke up to the news of a failed coup attempt.
She rushed to a nearby military base to check on her husband. At the gate, she met some of her husband's colleagues, who avoided her gaze.
"They knew he would be killed," the 61-year-old lawyer said.
The news of her husband's execution, along with other coup plotters, was announced on the official Radio Omdurman the next day.
"It was a massacre. (Abudeik's killing) was an extrajudicial execution," she said.
The families of the slain officers quickly united to call for justice and find the bodies of their loved ones.
"Our movement was formed in the spur of the moment and has never stopped since with women -- wives, sisters, mothers -- at its core," said Kembal.
- Beatings, exile -
As they sought answers, they faced a heavy-handed crackdown.
Their demonstrations outside government buildings were violently broken up by security forces.
Many were arrested or banned from civil service jobs. Some were forced into exile.
But their movement found a ray of hope as nationwide protests erupted against Bashir in December 2018, mainly triggered by economic hardship.
The families joined the demonstrations, including the protest camp outside army headquarters in Khartoum.
They issued a booklet saying the officers had sought "to restore the democratic rule Bashir had overthrown, win the release of political detainees and bring those who undermined the constitutional order to trial."
Months after Bashir's ouster, Sudan installed a civilian-majority administration which vowed to probe allegations of corruption and killing committed under Bashir.
It also has been pushing for sweeping reforms to steer the country into a more democratic post-Bashir era.
In December last year, Bashir was convicted of corruption. Now, he is on trial for the 1989 coup.
The officers' bodies have yet to be exhumed, but the families hope their memories will be honoured.
"We now have mixed feelings, we feel relieved that their graves were found but we also remember the way they were killed and the perpetrators of this crime should face justice," said Kembal.
"We want to do them justice by reburying their remains properly and giving them a military funeral."
© 2020 AFP