Palestinians decry normalised Bahrain-Israel relations as a ‘stab in the back’

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and Bahrain's King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (right) on September 11, 2020, agreed to normalise diplomatic relations between the two countries.
Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and Bahrain's King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (right) on September 11, 2020, agreed to normalise diplomatic relations between the two countries. AFP - ABIR SULTAN,MANDEL NGAN

The Palestinian cause on Friday said it had once again been stabbed in the back by what it had previously considered a trusted ally after Bahrain followed in the United Arab Emirates’s footsteps and announced it was normalising diplomatic ties with Israel. Iran and Turkey, both Israel foes, strongly condemned the move.   


The Bahrain-Israel deal, announced by US President Donald Trump in Washington on Friday, immediately stirred Palestinian anger. It’s “a stab in the back of the Palestinian cause and the Palestinian people” like the UAE-Israel deal announced last month, a top official from the Palestinian Authority told AFP.

At a summit of the 22-member Arab League this week, foreign ministers failed to back a Palestinian push to condemn last month’s US-brokered normalisation deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

“May you never be sold out by your ‘friends’,” read one bitter tweet by senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi after the UAE-Israel deal was announced in August.

With the accord set to be signed on Tuesday at the White House, the Emirates will become only the third Arab country, after Egypt and Jordan decades ago, to establish full relations with the Jewish state.

In a statement Trump tweeted about the Bahrain-Israel deal, he revealed Tuesday’s signing ceremony would also be attended by Bahraini officials.

The UAE has defended its move in part as a way of halting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s proposed annexation of settlements in parts of the occupied West Bank.

The Israel-UAE deal “suspended” those annexation plans—but Netanyahu has insisted they are not off the table in the long run.

Despite this, the Palestinians’ traditional Arab allies have either welcomed or silently endorsed the normalisation agreement with the US and Israel voicing hope more Arab states would follow suit.


‘Deteriorating Arab unity’

“The leadership is very upset,” said Sari Nusseibeh, a former top official with the Palestine Liberation Organisation.

“But I don’t think they are more upset than in the past about the Arab world in general. Palestinians have always complained that the Arab world has not stood behind them as they should have.”

The Palestinian cause had already become less central as the region has been rocked by the Arab Spring upheavals, the Syria war and the bloody reign of the Islamic State jihadist group.

At the same time, hostility has deepened between US ally Saudi Arabia and Iran, its Shiite Muslim rival which supports proxy forces from Syria to Lebanon.

“There have been all kinds of problems in the Arab world—disputes, revolutions, civil wars, tensions between different Arab countries,” said Palestinian analyst Ghassan Khatib.

“Palestinians are now paying the price for the deterioration in Arab unity.”

Ramallah maintains the validity of the so-called “Arab consensus” and rejects the notion that it is isolated.

That consensus has long held that Arab states will only normalise ties if Israel meets a number of conditions.

One demand is for Israel to withdraw from the territories it occupied in the Six-Day War of 1967.

Another is to agree to a Palestinian state with east Jerusalem as its capital, and a third to find a just solution for the millions of Palestinian refugees and their descendants.

“We hope that the Arab countries will remain committed to this consensus,” said Jibril Rajoub, a senior Palestinian official, “adding that straying from it “will lead to nothing”.

“Those who are violating the Arab consensus ... will be isolated” in the long term, he warned.

Choosing sides?

One Western diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity, shared the view that at the moment “the Palestinians don’t really have a way out, they are stuck”.

“They are also stuck because of those who want to support their cause, whether it is Turkey or Iran.”

Iran already has relations with armed Islamist groups in the Gaza Strip, such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad, and slightly cooler ties with the Palestinian Authority.  

“The rulers of Bahrain will from now on be partners to the crimes of the Zionist regime as a constant threat to the security of the region and the world of Islam,” Iran’s foreign ministry said in a statement.

Iran accused its arch foe Israel of “decades of violence, slaughter, war, terror and bloodshed in oppressed Palestine and the region”.

The Palestinian cause has also received backing from Turkey, a regional power increasingly at odds with Israel and which militarily backs a rival faction in the Libya war to the UAE and Egypt.

Ankara late Friday said it was “concerned” by the development, and “strongly condemned” the deal.

“The step will be a fresh blow to efforts to defend the Palestinian cause and will further embolden Israel to continue its illegal practices toward Palestine and its attempts to make the occupation of Palestinian territories permanent,” the Turkish foreign ministry said in a statement.

It said the move was contrary to the commitments under the Arab Peace Initiative—which calls for Israel’s complete withdrawal from the Palestinian territories occupied after 1967 -- and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Despite the reactions, Palestinian analyst Ghassan Khatib said the Palestinians ought to keep their distance from Turkey, Iran and also Qatar, which is deeply at odds with other major Gulf powers.

“It’s not wise for the Palestinians to be caught within the regional tensions and competition between regional superpowers,” he said.

“If you side with Iran, you’ll lose Saudi Arabia. If you side with Turkey, you’ll lose someone else.

“It’s better for the Palestinians to keep a safe distance from these different regional superpowers.”

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)


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