Shots heard near Burkina Faso president's home, protesters torch ruling party HQ

People gather at Nation Square to support the military in the Burkina Faso capital Ouagadougou on January 23, 2022.
People gather at Nation Square to support the military in the Burkina Faso capital Ouagadougou on January 23, 2022. © Olympia de Maismont, AFP

Shots were heard late Sunday near the private home of Burkina Faso's president in the capital Ouagadougou, residents told AFP, as soldiers in several barracks staged mutinies to demand more resources for the battle against Islamist insurgents.

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A helicopter, with its lights off, was also seen over President Roch Marc Christian Kabore's neighbourhood as the gunfire -- initially heavy and then more sporadic -- was heard.

Heavy gunfire was also heard by residents around the same time in the Sangoule Lamizana and Baba Sy military camps in the capital.

Soldiers mutinied on Sunday in several barracks across the country, including those of Sangoule Lamizan and Baba Sy, to demand the sacking of army chiefs and "adequate resources" to combat Islamist extremists in the country. 

Throughout the day, demonstrators supported the mutineers and set up makeshift roadblocks in several avenues of the capital, before being dispersed by the police, according to AFP journalists. 

The headquarters of Kabore's political party was burned and looted by protesters angry about the goverment's handling of the jihadist threat.

The authorities declared an overnight curfew from 8 pm (2000 GMT) "until further notice" and the education ministry said schools would be closed Monday and Tuesday across the poor landlocked country.

The government quickly denied rumours of a putsch and a list of demands presented by the rebellious troops made no mention of trying to oust Kabore, while emphasising the need for a better anti-jihadist strategy.

"We want adequate resources for the battle" against Islamist extremists, a soldier from the Sangoule Lamizana base said in a voice recording received by AFP.

The disaffected soldiers also wanted top generals to be "replaced", better care for injured troops and more support for the families of soldiers killed in battle, the spokesman for the mutinous troops added in the anonymous recording.

The unrest comes a little over a week after 12 people, including a senior army officer, were arrested on suspicion of planning to "destabilise" Burkina's institutions.

It also comes a day after police used tear gas to disperse banned rallies, arresting dozens.

'Localised, limited' incidents

Residents in the Gounghin district, where the Sangoule Lamizana base is situated, reporting seeing soldiers firing in the air and sealing off the area around the barracks.

Shots were also heard at the Baby Sy barracks in the south of the capital, as well as at an air base near the airport, which was also surrounded by soldiers in balaclavas, witnesses said.

There was also gunfire at bases in the northern towns of Kaya and Ouahigouya, residents there told AFP, and mobile internet services were cut.

The government moved quickly to try to restore control.

"Information on social media would have people believe there was an army takeover," government spokesman Alkassoum Maiga said in a statement.

"The government, while acknowledging that there was gunfire in some barracks, denies this information and calls on the public to remain calm."

Defence Minister General Barthelemy Simpore said on nationwide TV that "none of the Republic's institutions has been troubled" by the revolt.

He added that there were "localised, limited" incidents "in a few barracks," and that he was investigating.

Police fired tear gas to break up a rally by around 100 people who gathered at a square in central Ouagadougou to show support for the soldiers' revolt, an AFP correspondent reported.

History of coups

Sangoule Lamizana camp houses a military prison where General Gilbert Diendere -- a former right-hand man to deposed president Blaise Compaore -- is serving a 20-year term for an attempted coup in 2015.

He is also on trial for his alleged part in the 1987 assassination of the country's revolutionary leader, Thomas Sankara, during a putsch that brought Compaore to power.

Compaore, who was overthrown by a popular uprising in 2014, fled to Ivory Coast, and is being tried in absentia for the assassination.

The latest turbulence coincides with a jihadist insurgency that swept in from neighbouring Mali in 2015, overwhelming Burkina's poorly-trained and badly-equipped armed forces.

Around 2,000 people have died, according to an AFP tally, while around 1.5 million people are internally displaced, according to the national emergency agency CONASUR.

Anger at Kabore's failure to stem the bloodshed has risen, spilling over into clashes with the security forces.

On November 27, dozens were wounded when hundreds turned out to protest.

Among the soldiers arrested this month over the plot to "destabilise institutions" was Lieutenant-Colonel Emmanuel Zoungrana, who had been commanding anti-jihadist operations in country's badly hit western region.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP and REUTERS)

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