Ahead of G7, Macron urges US and Europe to allocate vaccines to poor nations

French President Emmanuel Macron gestures at the Élysee presidential palace in Paris on February 18, 2021.
French President Emmanuel Macron gestures at the Élysee presidential palace in Paris on February 18, 2021. © Ludovic Marin, AFP

French President Emmanuel Macron called on Thursday for the US and European nations to allocate up to 5% of current vaccine supplies to developing countries, one day before Friday’s Group of Seven meeting of world leaders, expected to deal mainly with the global response to the coronavirus pandemic.

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“If we allow to take root the idea that hundreds of millions of vaccines are made in rich countries and that we don’t start in poor countries, that idea is unsustainable,” Macron said in an interview with the Financial Times, suggesting that the Americans and Europeans adopt the kind of vaccine diplomacy that China and Russia have begun deploying.

The G7 summit in Cornwall, UK, will be Joe Biden’s first big presidential moment on the global stage, where he is expected to announce that the US will soon begin releasing $4 billion for an international effort to bolster the purchase and distribution of coronavirus vaccines to poor nations, White House officials said.

Biden will also encourage G7 partners to make good on their pledges to COVAX, an initiative by the World Health Organization to improve access to vaccines, according to a senior administration official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to preview Biden’s announcement.

Former President Donald Trump declined to participate in the COVAX initiative because of its ties to WHO, the Geneva-based agency that Trump accused of covering up China’s missteps in handling the virus at the start of the public health crisis. Trump pulled the US out of the WHO,  but Biden moved quickly after his inauguration last month to rejoin and confirmed that the US would contribute to COVAX.

The $4 billion in US funding was approved by Congress in December and will be distributed through 2022.

The US is committed to working through COVAX to ensure “equitable distribution of vaccines and funding globally”, White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters on Thursday.

It remains to be seen how G7 allies will take Biden’s calls for greater international cooperation on vaccine distribution given that the US refused to take part in the initiative under Trump and that there are growing calls for the Biden administration to distribute some US-manufactured vaccine supplies overseas.

'Wildly uneven and unfair'

And earlier this week, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres sharply criticised the “wildly uneven and unfair”  distribution of Covid-19 vaccines, noting 10 countries have administered 75% of all vaccinations.

Last month, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also raised with Biden the prospect of Canada getting the vaccine from pharmaceutical giant Pfizer’s facility in Kalamazoo, Michigan, according to a senior Canadian government official, who spoke to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity to describe a private conversation.

Canada has been getting all its Pfizer doses from a company facility in Puurs, Belgium, and has experienced disruptions in supply.

But Biden, who announced last week that the US would have enough supply of the vaccine by the end of the summer to inoculate 300 million people, remains focused for now on making sure every American is inoculated, administration officials say.

The president, in his first national security memorandum last month, called for his administration to develop a framework to donate surplus vaccines once there is a sufficient supply in the US.

The COVAX program has already missed its own goal of beginning coronavirus vaccinations in poor countries at the same time that shots were rolled out in rich countries. WHO says COVAX needs $5 billion in 2021.

Guterres said Wednesday that 130 countries have not received a single dose of the vaccine and declared that “at this critical moment, vaccine equity is the biggest moral test before the global community”.

The Group of Seven industrialized nations are the United States, Germany, Japan, Britain, France, Canada and Italy. Friday's meeting of the G7, the first of Biden’s presidency, is being held virtually.

In addition to discussing vaccine distribution, Biden also plans to use the meeting to discuss G7 countries' collective competitiveness and economic challenges posed by China, according to the White House.

Biden is also scheduled to deliver a virtual address to the Munich Security Conference on Friday before traveling to Michigan to visit Pfizer's vaccine manufacturing facility.

(FRANCE 24 with AP)  

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