Vietnam jails three critics ahead of major party congress

Hanoi (AFP) –


Vietnam on Tuesday jailed three pro-democracy bloggers on anti-state charges, one of their lawyers said, weeks ahead of the communist government's party congress.

The run-up to a leadership transition later this month is a particularly tense period for the state as candidates jostle for power behind closed doors.

In recent months, the authoritarian regime has stepped up its crackdown on dissent and has arrested numerous critics.

At a quick trial in Ho Chi Minh City, three critics of the state who belong to the outlawed Independent Journalists Association of Vietnam (IJAV) were sentenced to jail for "making and disseminating information against" Vietnam.

High-profile writer Pham Chi Dung, 54, founding member and president of IJAV, was jailed for 15 years, while military veteran Nguyen Tuong Thuy, 69, was sentenced to 11 years.

A younger member of the group, Le Huu Minh Tuan, was also handed an 11-year term.

The trio are well-known for calling for greater democracy in Vietnam.

Lawyer Nguyen Van Mieng told AFP they admitted writing articles "to support freedom of speech and other democratic rights", but denied spreading information against the communist regime.

According to the court's verdict cited by state-run media, the three "had regularly been in contact with regime opponents" prior to their arrests in late 2019 and mid-2020.

IJAV leader Dung had written articles for foreign media agencies with "the purpose of changing Vietnam's political system," it said.

The defendants' behaviour posed "a danger to society... causing separation in social unity and people," it added.

The verdict was strongly opposed by international human rights groups.

"Even by its own deeply repressive standards, the severity of the sentences show the depths being reached by Vietnam's censors ahead of the... upcoming party congress," said Amnesty International's deputy regional director Emerlynne Gil.

"These journalists' only crime was daring to discuss politics and other matters of public interest," she said.

There are more than 170 prisoners of conscience currently imprisoned in Vietnam, Amnesty said.

In December, writer and poet Tran Duc Thach was sentenced to 12 years for his articles critical of the government posted on Facebook, nearly a decade after being released from prison for a similar offence.

The Communist Party Congress will take place from January 25 to February 2 in Hanoi.