Yemeni warring factions welcome Biden peace push
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Dubai (AFP) –
Yemen's warring factions declared their readiness to act after US President Joe Biden called for renewed efforts to end their conflict, but experts said Friday that a real solution appears out of reach.
The grinding six-year war in Yemen has killed tens of thousands and displaced millions, triggering what the United Nations calls the world's worst humanitarian disaster.
In his first major foreign policy speech since replacing Donald Trump last month, Biden appointed an envoy to push for peace and said the US would end all support for Saudi Arabia's war in Yemen.
"This war has to end," Biden said.
"To underscore our commitment, we are ending all American support for offensive operations in the war in Yemen, including relevant arm sales."
Yemen's internationally recognised government, which is backed by a Saudi-led military coalition, welcomed his remarks and stressed the "importance of supporting diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis".
It hailed Timothy Lenderking's appointment as US envoy, describing it as "another important step" taken by the US to "end the war caused by the Iran-backed Huthis".
The Huthi rebels, who control much of the country, including the capital Sanaa, said they supported the approach of the new US administration.
"The real proof to achieve peace in Yemen is an end to the aggression and a lifting of the blockade," Huthi spokesman Mohamed Abdel Salam in a tweet.
"Yemen's missiles are for the defence of Yemen and stopping them comes when an end to the aggression and a lifting of the blockade are totally achieved," he added.
Saudi Arabia reacted by reasserting its commitment to a political solution in Yemen.
The kingdom also welcomed Biden's "commitment to cooperate with the kingdom to defend its sovereignty and counter threats against it," according to the official Saudi Press Agency.
But like the Yemeni government, it did not address Biden's decision to end military support to the war in Yemen.
- 'Talk to the Iranians' -
Saudi Arabia, which has led a military intervention against the Huthis since 2015, has come under repeated missile or drone attacks from the Shiite rebels.
It has repeatedly accused regional rival Iran of supplying sophisticated weapons to the Huthis, a charge Tehran denies.
Trump -- who argued arms sales were creating US defence jobs -- viewed the war as a way to hit back at Iran, America's sworn enemy.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken also said he would revisit Trump's last-minute designation of the Huthis as a terrorist group.
Adel al-Jubeir, the Saudi minister of state for foreign affairs, said Biden's speech was "historic".
"We look forward to working with our friends in the US to end conflicts and confront challenges, as we have for over seven decades," he tweeted.
But for Yemenis, talk of a solution is very far from their reality.
"The war won't end; no one wants it to end. This is just propaganda," said Huda Ibrahim, a 38-year-old housewife from the port city of Hodeida.
"I'm not optimistic and I don't believe anything about ending the war. How will it end when clashes don't stop even for one night," she told AFP.
Analysts have also cast doubt on the likelihood of a breakthrough.
"Biden's announcement that he will end US support for offensive Saudi military action against Yemen is an excellent first step," said Annelle Sheline, Middle East research fellow at the Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft.
"But the devil is in the details -- it remains to be seen what 'offensive action' means in practice.
"Who will determine if an action is offensive, the US or Saudi Arabia? And how will it be defined? The Saudis, for instance, argue that their entire war efforts are defensive," she said.
"Ending America's support for the war and ending the war are two different things.
"To truly end the war, we need diplomacy, and for that, we need to be able to talk to the Iranians again," she added.
© 2021 AFP