Israel and Bahrain formalise diplomatic ties following US-brokered deal

Israeli and Bahraini officials bump elbows after signing the agreement in Manama, Bahrain, on October 18, 2020.
Israeli and Bahraini officials bump elbows after signing the agreement in Manama, Bahrain, on October 18, 2020. © Ronen Zvulun, REUTERS

Israel and Bahrain signed a joint communique to formalise nascent ties at a ceremony in Manama on Sunday as the wealthy Gulf region continues to open up to the Jewish state.


An Israeli delegation, led by National Security Council chief Meir Ben-Shabbat, arrived from Tel Aviv for a one-day trip that saw Israel and Bahrain formalise a US-brokered agreement they signed at the White House on September 15.

The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain became only the third and fourth Arab states to agree to normalise ties with Israel, following Israel's 1979 peace deal with Egypt and a 1994 pact with Jordan. 

A flurry of diplomacy between some of Washington's key regional allies has handed US President Donald Trump a key foreign policy win as he campaigns for re-election ahead of polls in November. 

US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Trump's special assistant for international negotiations, Avi Berkowitz, travelled to Tel Aviv before joining the Israeli delegation's flight to Manama.  

"It was indeed an historic visit, to start opening relations between both countries," Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif Al-Zayani said after the signing ceremony.

Al-Zayani touched elbows with Ben-Shabbat, who described the step as a "promising beginning" and said the Israeli delegation was accepted "with open arms, with warmth and cordiality."

The two sides will be free to open embassies in each other's countries, Berkowitz said, adding that an Israeli embassy in Manama could open within months. 

Palestinian outrage

The Jewish state's normalisation of ties with the UAE and Bahrain has outraged the Palestinians, who have called the deals "a stab in the back" and urged Arab states to maintain unity against Israel. 

Like Israel, both Manama and Abu Dhabi have vehemently anti-Iran foreign policies and Tehran has slammed the normalisation. 

The Gulf monarchies have broken decades of Arab consensus that there would be no relations with the Jewish state until it had made peace with the Palestinians.

Bahrain, unlike the UAE, has a history of open politics and civil society movements, although rights have been curtailed in the past decade.

In a rare display of dissent in the small oil-rich kingdom last month, dozens took to the streets in Abu-Saiba, a Shiite village near Manama, to protest the government's decision.

In the wake of the Arab Spring protests in 2011, the Sunni monarchy accused thousands of dissidents from the Shiite majority of receiving orders from Iran. 

Security talks

Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed his cabinet on Sunday, lauding what he called the "historic peace agreement" with Bahrain, and saying: "I hope that soon I'll be able to tell you about more countries."

The premier insists more Middle East states want ties with Israel as priorities have shifted.

Countries now value lucrative trade opportunities above positioning on the Palestinian conflict, he has argued.

Security cooperation is also likely to feature prominently in bilateral relations between Israel and Bahrain, with Israel's Mossad spy agency chief Yossi Cohen visiting Manama earlier this month to meet Bahrain's security brass.

After the ceremony in Bahrain, the US and Israeli delegations are expected to head to Abu Dhabi to take part in a business meeting, according to the US Department of State.

Regional heavyweight Saudi Arabia has said it will not normalise ties without a resolution to the Palestinian issue.

Israel agreed to suspend annexation plans in the occupied West Bank in exchange for UAE ties but has expanded settlement activity since the deal was announced.

Israel's parliament on Thursday ratified the normalisation agreement with the UAE, and a separate vote on the Bahrain pact is expected once the details are finalised. 


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